There are many ways to prepare a cup of coffee, and despite the intimidating Italian names, they are actually pretty simple. All BLACK FUEL TRADING CO. specialty whole bean blends can be used to prepare coffee in whatever way you like best.
A ristretto, or short shot, is highly-concentrated espresso. It is typically made with the same amount of ground coffee as normal espresso (usually around 7 grams) but with half the amount of water. Despite the smaller yield, around ¾ ounce, it takes the same amount of time to pour a regular espresso, which is about 20 to 30 seconds.
Single shot espresso usually uses about 7 grams of ground whole bean coffee, although sizes may vary, to produce an ounce. A doppio espresso, or double shot, uses twice as much coffee and produces twice the amount, which is usually around 14 to 18 grams of coffee for a 2-ounce yield.
Lungo, or long, produces three times the amount of a single or double shot, about 3 ounces to 6 ounces, but it does not use more ground coffee. This kind of coffee does take longer to extract. Longer extraction time typically results in a more bitter taste. Long coffee is also referred to as crema coffee.
An Americano adds equal parts hot water on top of a double shot of espresso while a long black adds a double shot of espresso on top of 4 ounces of hot water. Some may prefer the long black to the americano is because the crema layer is maintained. A red eye is drip coffee with a shot of espresso for an extra needed boost.